To achieve maximum enjoyment and longevity from your fresh flowers, you need to provide them with a little care when they arrive at your door.
What is required is very simple. Here are a few easy steps that will ensure your flowers will look great and last for as long as possible.
Start with a clean vase and clean water! Bacteria are the number one cause for short vase life of fresh cut flower bouquets. Bacteria and fungi are everywhere and are ready to enter the cut surface of the stem and multiply. A plant’s root system serves as a filter to limit dirt, micro-organisms and chemicals from entering and blocking the plant’s ability to absorb water. When the flower is cut off from its life-sustaining root system, it loses this vital filter. Prior to actual decay symptoms, cells of the water-transporting tissues can become blocked with micro-organisms, inhibiting water uptake.
It is very important to always use clean vase and water in order to protect and preserve the flowers.
Use the Flower Food sachet, provided by your florist. While the flower is attached to the plant, it receives nourishment allowing it to grow and develop. When cut from the plant, it loses its source of nourishment and water.
Flower Food has been developed to simulate the flower’s original environment, it allows the flowers to fully develop and can increase the vase life of cut flowers. Commercial Fresh Flower Food is scientifically developed formula, carefully balanced mixture generally containing:
Sucrose (sugar) – it serves as a source of energy (food). Like all other living things flowers require food energy. Too much sugar can be a bad thing, as it can “force” the life cycle of the flower to proceed faster than normal.
Acidifier - most water supplies are alkaline and can reduce the life of cut flowers, an acidifier will help bring the waters pH closer to the acid pH of the cell sap. Slightly acidic water is taken up more readily through the stems than water that is neutral or alkaline. The acidifier also aids in stabilizing the pigment and the colour of the flowers.
Bactericide - designed to limit the growth of bacteria in the water. Bacteria, just like the flowers are growing on sugar. Because cells of the water-transporting tissues in flowers can become blocked with microorganisms, inhibiting the flowers ability to hydrate and severely reducing longevity we need something to limit it bacteria’s growth, in order to protect the flowers.
Follow the directions on the package and always use the recommended amount.
Always re-cut Stems & Remove Foliage. Make sure to always re-cut the stems (preferably at an angle) removing at least an inch of the stem. Use a sharp knife or clippers and avoid crushing the stem and therefore the vascular system. The slanted cut opens more stem area for hydration and prevents the end of the stem from resting directly on the bottom of the vase blocking the water flow.
Leaves sitting in water will deteriorate and rot. Decaying leaves are a good medium for bacteria and fungi, which will plug the stems and prevent hydration. Do not remove all leaves along the stem; the flowers require the leaves as part of their hydration process, only the one that will go below the water level. Check the water level daily and replenish as needed. If the water becomes cloudy, it should be completely exchanged for fresh.
Keep flowers away from drafts, direct sunlight, and ripening fruits, which emit ethylene gas, which can causes buds to remain closed, petals to have poor colour, and flowers to have a shortened vase life. Discard wilted blooms.
Enjoy your dose of fresh flowers. Recommended daily!